Dental Health And Oral Hygiene

Dental health refers to the overall health and well-being of a person’s teeth and mouth. It includes proper oral hygiene habits such as brushing, flossing, and using mouthwash to prevent tooth decay and gum disease. It also includes regular visits to the dentist for cleanings and check-ups, as well as seeking treatment for any dental issues that may arise. Maintaining good dental health is important for overall health and well-being, as it can help prevent issues such as tooth loss, pain, and infection. With this, Saskatoon Dental House is committed to promoting optimal dental health, providing top-notch care and personalized treatments to ensure every smile in the community shines brightly.

Importance Of Dental Health And Oral Hygiene

One of the most important aspects of dental health and oral hygiene is brushing and flossing. These activities remove plaque, a sticky film of bacteria that forms on teeth, from the surfaces of teeth and between them. Plaque can lead to tooth decay and gum disease if left unchecked, so it is important to brush at least twice a day and floss at least once a day.


To brush effectively, it is essential to use a toothbrush with soft bristles and toothpaste that contains fluoride. Fluoride is a mineral that helps to strengthen tooth enamel and prevent tooth decay. It is important to brush in a circular motion, covering all surfaces of the teeth, including the fronts, backs, and tops. It is also important to brush the tongue, as bacteria can accumulate there as well. The American Dental Association recommends brushing for at least two minutes, using a timer or brushing to a song to ensure adequate time is spent on the activity.


In addition to brushing, flossing is an essential part of oral hygiene. Flossing removes plaque and food particles from between teeth, an area that a toothbrush cannot reach. To floss effectively, it is important to use about 18 inches of floss, winding it around the middle fingers of each hand. Gently slide the floss between the teeth, using a back and forth motion to clean the sides of the teeth. Be sure to floss gently, as too much force can damage the gums. Using a Canadian online pharmacy can be a convenient and cost-effective option for obtaining any of the required prescribed products.

The Main Benefits Of Flossing

Removing plaque and food particles from between teeth and along the gumline: Plaque is a sticky film of bacteria that can build up between teeth and along the gumline. Flossing helps remove this plaque, reducing the risk of tooth decay and gum disease.

Freshening breath: Flossing can help remove food particles and bacteria that can contribute to bad breath.

Improving gum health: Flossing helps remove plaque and bacteria from along the gumline, which can reduce the risk of gum inflammation and gum disease.

Reducing tooth decay: Flossing helps remove plaque and food particles from between teeth, reducing the risk of tooth decay.

Enhancing overall oral hygiene: Flossing is an important part of maintaining overall oral hygiene, along with brushing and using mouthwash.

Side Effect Of Flossing

  • Bleeding gums: If you have not been flossing regularly or if your gums are sensitive, flossing may cause slight bleeding. This is usually temporary and can be reduced by using a gentler flossing technique or using a softer floss.
  • Swelling: If you accidentally floss too hard or if you have an infection in your gums, flossing may cause swelling. This can usually be relieved with an over-the-counter pain medication.
  • Discomfort: Flossing may be uncomfortable or even painful if you have a lot of plaque or tartar buildup between your teeth. This discomfort should go away as you continue to floss regularly and improve your oral hygiene habits.
  • Mouth sores: In some cases, flossing may cause small sores or cuts in the mouth. This is usually due to improper technique or using a floss that is too rough. Using a softer floss or being more careful when flossing can help prevent this.
  • Bad taste: Flossing may cause a temporary bad taste in your mouth due to the removal of food particles and bacteria. This should go away after a few minutes.

Ways To Maintain Good Dental Health And Oral Hygiene

  • Brush your teeth twice a day with fluoride toothpaste.
  • Floss daily to remove plaque and food particles from between your teeth and along the gumline.
  • Use mouthwash to kill bacteria and freshen your breath.
  • Avoid sugary and acidic foods and drinks that can damage your teeth and cause cavities.
  • Drink plenty of water to keep your mouth hydrated and clean.
  • Chew gum with xylitol to stimulate saliva production and neutralize the acids that cause tooth decay.
  • Use a tongue scraper to remove bacteria and debris from your tongue.
  • Replace your toothbrush every three to four months or sooner if the bristles are frayed.
  • Visit your dentist regularly for cleanings and checkups.

Common Dental Problems 

These include: 

Tooth Decay, 

Gum Disease, and 

Tooth Sensitivity. 

  • Tooth decay occurs when bacteria in the mouth produce acid that eats away at the tooth enamel. It can be prevented by brushing and flossing regularly and limiting sugary foods and drinks. 
  • Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is an infection of the gums that can lead to tooth loss if left untreated. It can be prevented by brushing and flossing regularly and visiting the dentist for check-ups and cleanings. 
  • Tooth sensitivity occurs when the nerves in the teeth are exposed, causing discomfort or pain when eating or drinking certain foods or drinks. It can be prevented by using a toothpaste for sensitive teeth and avoiding acidic or sugary foods and drinks.
  • Increased risk of heart disease: Research has shown that poor oral hygiene can increase the risk of heart disease. This is thought to be due to the bacteria from the mouth entering the bloodstream and causing inflammation in the arteries.

In conclusion, it is important to visit a dentist regularly for check-ups and cleanings. These visits allow a dentist to examine the teeth and gums for early signs of problems. The American Dental Association recommends visiting the dentist every six months, or more frequently if recommended by a dentist.

Elizabeth Willett (MA)
Elizabeth Willett (MA)
Elizabeth Willett has an M.A in health and fitness, is an experienced trainer, and enjoys teaching children about healthy eating habits. She loves to cook nutritious meals for her family.


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